Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy
HRT, also the hormone therapy, menopausal hormone therapy or the estrogen replacement therapy is a method that is used to treat symptoms associated with aging and menopause. Doctors prescribe the treatment during or after menopause.
After the end o your periods, the level of hormones in your body falls causing uncomfortable symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness and conditions like osteoporosis. The hormone replacement therapy helps in replacing the hormones that your body can no longer produce. It is the most effective treatment or menopausal symptoms.
Why the Body Needs Estrogen
Often, when one thinks about pregnancy, they tend to think about estrogen. In women who are in the age of childbearing, estrogen helps the uterus to get ready to receive the fertilized egg. Estrogen also has other roles, like controlling how your body uses calcium, which strengthens bones and raises the level of good cholesterol in the blood.
When is the Right Time to Tale Progesterone
If you still have your uterus, using estrogen alone without progesterone raises your risk for cancer of endometrium, the uterus lining . Since the cells from the endometrium are not leaving the body anymore during your periods; they may build up in your uterus and cause cancer. The work of progesterone is reducing that risk by thickening the lining.
The Types of Hormone Replacement Therapy
In general, doctors suggest that women who have undergone hysterectomy should ingest a low dose of estrogen. Estrogen is presented in different forms, but the most popular ones are the pill and the patch, but there is still the vaginal ring, spray or gel.
This mostly called the combination therapy as it combines doses of estrogen and progestin. The treatment is designed for women who still have their uterus.
The ideal candidates for HRT are those experiencing mild to severe menopausal symptoms and those with a family history of osteoporosis.On the contrary, those with breast cancer, liver disease, heart disease, or a history of blood clots as well as those without menopausal symptoms should not go for the HRT.
Hormone Replacement Therapy Regimes
Different treatment regimes of hormone replacement therapy are available depending on whether you are in the early stages of menopause or you have had the menopausal symptoms for some time. The most common are the Sequential of Cyclical and the Continuous HRT.
The Cyclical HRT is recommended for women taking the combined Hormone replacement therapy who have menopausal symptoms but have their periods. Cyclical HRT is of two types; the Monthly HRT for women with regular periods and the three-monthly HRT for irregular periods.
Continuous Combined HRT is recommended for women who are post-menopausal–not having a period for a year. It is the continued use of estrogen and progesterone every day without a break.